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日常新手翻译员应该注意哪些事项

翻译员不仅要有扎实的基础,还要了解当地学问背景,下面北京翻译企业为大家分享翻译新手应该注意什么事项?

Translators should not only have a solid foundation, but also understand the local cultural background. What should novice translators pay attention to?

1.逐字翻译

1. Word for word translation

许多初级翻译犯了逐字翻译脚本的错误。作为一名译者,你需要按照预期的风格将一个剧本翻译成其他语言。不同的语言有不同的句法规则,在翻译之前你必须理解。你必须理解不同语言的主语和宾语的用法。例如,你不能证明把英语翻译成阿拉伯语是正确的,因为两者有不同的语法。

Many elementary translators make mistakes in translating scripts word for word. As a translator, you need to translate a script into other languages in the expected style. Different languages have different syntactic rules, which you must understand before translating. You must understand the use of subject and object in different languages. For example, you can't prove that translating English into Arabic is correct because they have different grammars.

每当你必须翻译一个脚本的时候,使用字典,因为它帮助你理解单词的正确使用。你也可以让以英语为母语的人来复习,以确保剧本的风格是正确的。

Whenever you have to translate a script, use a dictionary because it helps you understand the correct use of words. You can also have native English speakers review to make sure the script is in the right style.

2.夸大词语的含义

2. Exaggerate the meaning of words

由于缺乏经验,初级译者往往会过度翻译。当他们步入这个行业时,他们想尽最大努力。然而,当你是一名专业翻译时,这是不被欣赏的。为了有效地翻译一个剧本,重要的是不要用专业词汇或复杂的句子来夸大它。

Due to lack of experience, junior translators tend to over translate. When they enter the industry, they want to do their best. However, when you are a professional translator, it is not appreciated. In order to translate a play effectively, it is important not to exaggerate it with professional words or complicated sentences.

你首先需要理解客户的需求,然后做相应的翻译。了解他的规格和他对你的希望。问他会在哪里使用剧本。如果是个人使用,请保持简单。但是如果出于出版目的需要,您需要遵循出版商的引导方针或标准。

You first need to understand the needs of customers, and then do the corresponding translation. Know his specifications and what he expects of you. Ask him where he will use the script. If it's for personal use, keep it simple. But if you need it for publishing purposes, you need to follow the publisher's guidelines or standards.

3.使用错误的词语

3. Using wrong words

中使用词汇。有些词不能翻译成其他语言。例如,在其他语言中,“圣杯”一词没有对等词。同样,您不能将“Netilat Yadayim Shacharit”一词翻译成任何其他语言。因为这些词与学问和宗教过程相关联,你不能在其他宗教的背景下说明它们。

Words are used in English. Some words cannot be translated into other languages. In other languages, for example, the word "grail" has no equivalent. Again, you cannot translate the word "netilat yadayim Shacharit" into any other language. Because these words are associated with cultural and religious processes, you cannot interpret them in the context of other religions.

同样,译者可能会发现很难区分阳性和阴性名词。一种语言可能会将一个词视为“阳性”,这在其他语言中可能意味着异性。例如,“月亮”一词在英语中是阳性的,而在西班牙语中是阴性的。让自己熟悉这些微妙的词汇,成为一名有效的翻译。

Similarly, translators may find it difficult to distinguish between masculine and feminine nouns. One language may regard a word as "masculine", which may mean opposite sex in other languages. For example, the word "Moon" is masculine in English and feminine in Spanish. Make yourself familiar with these subtle words and become an effective translator.

4.缺乏沟通技巧

4. Lack of communication skills

初级翻译有时可能沟通不畅。他们忽视了有效沟通的重要性,因此最终导致翻译不佳。和任何行业一样,沟通是你和客户之间的桥梁。为了与客户建立良好的理解,与他进行双向沟通很重要。你需要在翻译过程的每一个阶段与客户互动。有了强大的沟通渠道,你可以减少与客户的任何误解,这将带来更好的翻译。

Primary translators may sometimes have poor communication. They neglect the importance of effective communication, which eventually leads to poor translation. Like any industry, communication is a bridge between you and your customers. In order to establish a good understanding with customers, it is important to have two-way communication with them. You need to interact with customers at every stage of the translation process. With strong communication channels, you can reduce any misunderstanding with customers, which will lead to better translation.

5.翻译风格不当

5. Improper translation style

初级译者可能不完全理解脚本风格的各个方面。由于不熟悉目标语言,他们在不知道文档的适当风格的情况下说明文档。这改变了剧本的本质,最终清除了它的灵魂。为了传达一个主题的真正含义,用正确的语调翻译一份文件是很重要的。例如,法律文件的脚本听起来与影片的脚本完全不同。要想成为出色的翻译,你需要在翻译的这一方面努力工作。

Junior translators may not fully understand all aspects of script style. Unfamiliar with the target language, they interpret the document without knowing the proper style of the document. This changed the nature of the play and eventually cleared its soul. In order to convey the true meaning of a topic, it is important to translate a document in the right tone. For example, the script of a legal document sounds completely different from the script of a movie. To be a good translator, you need to work hard in this aspect of translation.

创建时间:2021-06-02 20:05
体育比分365吧    日常新手翻译员应该注意哪些事项

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